Day 5: China Adventure – Xi’an & The Terracotta Army
We woke up on our train at 7:30 AM and were ready to take on the ancient city of Xi’an which was the capital of China under the Tang Dynasty. We met our local guide, Ken, and headed to our hotel for breakfast.
On our way to the hotel, we learned that the Chinese President & Indian Prime Minister were in town to negotiate a trade deal. This led to a lot of street closures and forced our tour guides to make a few last minute changes, but they did them so well that the day’s itinerary felt natural.
After a quick breakfast, we left for the Tang Bo Art Museum which displayed art that was primarily done by amateurs. We received a quick tour of the museum and received an abbreviated history of the art in it.
This is the old traditional Chinese house. The bedroom is located a level above the kitchen, but in an adjacent room. This allows the heat from the oven to warm the bedroom.
Shadow Puppets (Made out of Donkey Skin)
Traditional Chinese Artwork
Traditional Chinese Artwork
We concluded our tour with a calligraphy lesson. The brushes we used were made out of rat whiskers and the paper was rice paper. I very quickly learned that I am still horrible at art!
Our Instructor’s Calligraphy
After our tour, we left to see our second Eight Wonder of the World in 3 days – the Terracotta Army! They were discovered by a group of farmers in 1979 when they were digging for a well. Only one farmer is still alive and he works in the gift shop.
The Terracotta Army was commissioned by Emperor Qin Shi Huang of the Tang Dynasty who believed he was going to lead a war in the afterlife and needed an army to protect him and fight his battles. The Emperor wanted to be the only person who had that specific army, so all the sculptors were killed after they completed their work. Knowing this, they carved their faces into the warriors so they could also live on in an afterlife. We also learned that the Emperor was obsessed with immortality and was led to believe that mercury was the elixir of life. Given that he drank it every day, he may not have been sane when he commissioned the army!
The actual archaeological site has three pits. Two pits are fully excavated, but the third pit is dug out to just above the warriors. When the first pit was dug out, the color that the warriors were painted disappeared when the modern air contacted the surface of the statues, so they are waiting for technology to advance to the point where they can retain the original colors.
Pit 1 is the largest pit and was found to the east of the Emperor’s burial site. This is because the army was supposed to protect him from an attack from the east.
Pit 1 was massive
The restoration of the warriors is done on site
After a quick lunch, we went to pit 3 which many believe was meant to be the “strategy room” due to the positioning of the soldiers. They are have their backs along the wall as if someone important was walking between them.
Our final stop was the partially excavated pit.
Partially Excavated Pit
The pit also had four warriors in glass cases for the public to look at. The detail was phenomenal – you could even see the sole on one of their shoes! Also, one statue was sprayed with a chemical to preserve the natural coloring for 40 years.
The warriors are huge up close
The detail on the sole of the shoe is amazing
Terracotta Warrior & His Horse